For Pollution Prevention Week, Green Your Cleaning Routine

cleaning products


Pollution Prevention Week is September 16-22! Pollution Prevention (P2) means stopping pollution where it starts in order to prevent damage to the environment. Pollution Prevention plays a critical role in saving our planet’s resources and moving toward sustainability.

One great way to prevent pollution in your home is to limit how many harsh chemical cleaners you use. Cleaning products, from window cleaners to kitchen and bathroom sprays for tile, sinks, countertops, etc., expose you — and your family — to a host of harmful chemicals. A recent study found that people who use cleaners every day can suffer lung damage comparable to smoking 20 cigarettes a day. Replacing chemical cleaners with healthy alternatives is easy.

This Pollution Prevention Week, try out these 5 easy, DIY cleaning product recipes to reduce the amount of chemicals that end up in your home, and eventually our waterways. You can buy the ingredients in bulk and use them with a reusable spray bottle and cleaning cloths to reduce waste from single-use packaging, paper towels and disposable wipes.

1. Kitchen Cleaners

Many cleaning products used in kitchens contain ammonium compounds that can irritate the skin and lungs. Some products additionally contain butyl cellosolve, also known as ethylene glycol, a compound on California’s Toxic Air Contaminant List for its harmful effects on lungs, kidneys, hormones, liver, skin and the central nervous system.

To clean up greasy messes without chemicals, mix the following ingredients in a spray bottle and shake well:

  • 2 cups of water
  • ½ teaspoon of natural liquid soap (such as Castile)
  • 1 tablespoon of baking soda

You can also make a useful disinfectant spray by mixing the following:

  • ½ cup of white vinegar
  • ½ cup of rubbing alcohol
  • ¾ cup of water

After spraying surfaces with the disinfectant, wait 10 minutes before wiping it up.

2. Bathroom Cleaners

Cleaning your bathroom with common products may also expose you to butyl cellosolve. To avoid this chemical, wipe down your bathroom with an all-purpose cleaner made from:

  • ¾ cup water
  • ¼ cup rubbing alcohol
  • 1 squirt of natural liquid soap

3. Glass Cleaners

Common glass cleaners achieve a streak-free shine with ammonia, which can irritate the lungs, and lead to chronic bronchitis and asthma. An ammonia-free glass cleaner can also achieve streak-free results. Make one using:

  • 2 tablespoons of rubbing alcohol
  • 2 tablespoons of white vinegar
  • 2 cups of water

4. Oven Cleaners

Many oven cleaners contain ethanolamine, a skin and lung irritant.

Instead of using this harsh chemical, sprinkle a thin layer of baking soda on the bottom of your oven, spray with water and leave to soak overnight. Scrub and rinse away the mixture the following day.

5. Scrubbing Powders

You might think some tough kitchen and bathroom messes require tough chemical scrubs, but scrubs often contain chlorine, another skin and lung irritant.

Make an effective cleansing scrub by mixing equal parts natural liquid soap and baking soda and adding just enough water until it forms a paste.

A note on fragrances: Many cleaning products contain fragrances to offset the odors of their chemical cleaning agents. Manufacturers are not required to specify the ingredients used to make fragrances, but fragrance chemicals emit a wide variety of VOCs, or volatile organic compounds, which can cause a host of negative health effects, including cancer.

For fresher air, open your windows. The air in your home could contain up to five times the pollutants fresh air does. You may also consider adding some air-cleaning plants to your home.

To eliminate unwanted odors, try leaving out an open container of baking soda, charcoal or cedar chips. All of these materials absorb odor naturally. Essential oils are a healthy way to add pleasant smells to your home. You can put a few drops in any of the above recipes.

For more information on what chemicals to watch out for in your cleaning products, check out the Environmental Working Group’s Guide to Healthy Cleaning. You can also find their top-rated products or look up any product or ingredient in their database to find its health rating.

If you decide to ditch your old cleaning products, consider donating them to a local organization that could use them, or give them away for free using a neighborhood-connecting app such as Nextdoor, Craigslist or Freecycle. Otherwise, dispose of them with other household hazardous waste.

Torn Jeans? Here’s an Easy Way to Fix Them (Video)


Wear your favorite jeans for long enough and eventually they’ll tear. Better than throwing them away and buying a new favorite, you can fix them!

With an inside patch for stability and some jean-colored thread, your favorite denim will be back in action. Watch this video to see how:

You can also start fixing your tear by applying an iron-on patch, as this second video demonstrates:

Jeans can last a long time, so fixing a tear can give them a much longer life. And not only will it keep them out of the landfill, it will also save you money.

How to Dispose of Lunchables



Lunchables are easy to pack for kids when you’re short on time, but how do you dispose of the packaging when you’re done?

The cardboard sleeve goes in the recycling. The plastic wrap and plastic container go in the trash. They are not recyclable.

To cut back on waste, try making your own “Lunchables” at home. You’ll save money, too. Check out the Squawkfox homemade lunch experiment to learn more.

Back to School This Fall? Here’s How to Dispose of Drink Pouches

drink pouches


If you’re sending kids back to school this fall, chances are you’ll be packing some snacks and lunches. If you pack any drink pouches, such as Capri Sun, Tropicana or Honest Kids pouches, make sure they get tossed in the trash, along with their straws and plastic packaging. Drink pouches are not recyclable.

Want to go the extra mile? Sign up for TerraCycle’s Drink Pouch Mail-In Recycling Program, or ask your kid’s school to start a collection for it. That way you can mail in empty pouches to be recycled through their special program.

Even better, invest in a reusable drink container for your kid to take to school, and fill it from a larger container of juice at home. You’ll quickly save money and reduce waste at the same time.

Recycle Right at Your Summer Party



Planning a BBQ or picnic this summer? Check out this cheat sheet for six easy ways to green your event and recycle right.

1. Put dirty items, food and drinks in the trash. Don’t put greasy items or anything containing liquids or food residue in the recycling. Help your guests by putting clear signs on your trash and recycling containers. For example, “Trash: Food, Plates, Cups, Forks” and “Recycling: Empty Bottles and Cans Only.”

2. Put clean glass bottles, aluminum cans, cardboard and containers made from plastics #1-#7 in the recycling. At a party, beverage containers are the most common recyclable, and you can even redeem them for 5-10 cents each at a beverage container recycling center. Not sure if something is recyclable in San José? Look it up in our Recycling Guide.

3. Share leftovers to prevent food waste. In your invitation, ask your guests to bring a food storage container so that they can bring home leftovers.

4. Plan your portions. Prevent food waste by tallying up how many guests you’re expecting, how long the event will be, and plan food portions accordingly. Here are some pointers:

  • Adults tend to eat one pound of food per meal, and children, half a pound.
  • If you’re serving only appetizers, folks will eat about 4-6 in their first hour, and 2-3 per hour after that.
  • If you’re serving a full meal, plan about 6-8 oz of meat per adult (a store-bought hamburger tends to run around 6 oz) in addition to side dishes.
  • A serving of pasta salad is about one cup per person. For baked beans, half a cup.
  • For light desserts like watermelon or cookies, plan two small servings per person, or 4 oz of a cake or pie.
  • For beverages, estimate two per person for the first hour, and one per hour after that.

5. Serve finger food. To cut down on plates, serve foods that don’t need them. A lot of classic summer fare is handheld, including hot dogs, sandwiches, skewers, corn on the cob, fresh vegetables and watermelon.

6. Skip disposables. Choose reusable plates, cups, utensils and napkins over disposable ones. If you’re set on disposable, choose compostable and unbleached paper or bamboo products over plastic or styrofoam ones. If you want to use plastic cups, you can either collect them for reuse, or invest in a more durable version.

Ditch the Takeout Waste — Here’s How


Napkins, plastic cutlery, condiment packets, to-go boxes, cups, lids, straws, bags — the amount of waste created by takeout food is huge. Mostly, these are single-use items that go into the trash within minutes or even seconds of getting them.

Takeout food can be delicious, but it can also be super wasteful. In the U.S., single-use items make up 10 percent of all our waste. Get some tips on how to reduce your takeout waste by watching this video:

5 Reasons to Recycle — And How You Can Recycle Right



What if you knew there was something you could do every day that’s free, easy to do, and creates jobs while saving money, energy and water? Actually, there is: Recycling! Check out these 5 reasons why we should all be recycling, every chance we get.

1. Recycling keeps trash out of the landfill.

According to the EPA, in the U.S. we are currently able to keep 35 percent of our trash out of landfills and incinerators through recycling and composting. In California, we manage to keep 44 percent of our trash out of the landfill. That’s a good start, but there’s still a lot of room for improvement. It’s important to keep as much material out of the landfill as possible because all items that we produce are made from valuable and limited resources. We want to hang onto as much of it as we can for future use.

2. Recycling reduces our need for new raw materials.

Extracting raw materials from the environment is expensive. It also uses up a lot of water and energy. When we recycle, we extract less, which conserves many of our precious (and finite!) natural resources, including trees, water, oil and metals. The more we recycle, the more we protect our resources!

3. Recycling conserves energy.

Recycling saves a lot of energy. Every year, recyclers across the country save the same amount of energy it would take to power 14 million homes for a full year. That’s the equivalent of turning off the power for one out of every 10 homes for an entire year.

4. Recycling creates jobs.

In the U.S., recycling and reuse activities provide 757,000 jobs and produce $36 billion in wages each year. Choosing to recycle isn’t just good for the environment, it’s good for the economy too.

5. Recycling reduces pollution.

The process of extracting raw materials can produce a lot of pollution. Because more recycling means less extraction, it also means less pollution. Even better, when we recycle more, we send less material to landfills. Material decaying in landfills often emits methane, a greenhouse gas 30 times as potent as carbon dioxide, so the less of that, the better!

How can you recycle correctly?

It’s important to recycle correctly! Items that don’t belong in the recycling can damage sorting machinery, causing expensive delays. Also, when the wrong materials get mixed in with the right ones (known as “contamination” in the recycling world), it reduces the value of other recyclables that were sorted correctly.

So how can you find out how to recycle correctly? By using our brand new, searchable Recycling Guide. Simply look up any item in our Recycling Guide, and you’ll find tips on recycling, reusing and reducing that item.

Happy recycling!

Has China Really Ended Recycling? No!

cardboard bales


The news media has been flooded with stories recently about how China has stopped accepting recycling from the U.S. Headlines are declaring the end of recycling. But is that really true? Fortunately, no. We’re here to set the record straight.

Just because China isn’t recycling many of our materials anymore doesn’t mean our materials aren’t being recycled.

What Really Happened

The Chinese government began limiting what recyclable materials would be accepted years ago, so no one was all that surprised when they wanted to set even stricter rules. China is simply moving towards a long-term goal to eliminate recycling imports.

Why? First, as the Chinese economy has grown, the country is now generating enough of its own recyclables that they don’t really need ours anymore. Second, we historically were shipping materials that were neither clean nor well-sorted, so our low-quality shipments were getting too expensive to process.

What Does the China Ban Mean for Us?

Recycling isn’t dead, and it isn’t going away anytime soon. The materials you put in your recycling are still making their way to facilities where they can be processed and recycled into new products and packaging.

What’s the difference? Now more of your recycling is being sold through local markets instead of international ones. This is actually a great shift for us, because we can invest in our own recycling economy and keep a closer eye on what happens to our valuable materials.

Here’s how you can help.

Recycle the Right Way Instead of the Wishful Way

The companies that buy recyclables only want clean materials. Often there can be many items that don’t belong in a shipment — think diapers in the plastics, or greasy pizza boxes in the clean paper. Contamination like this can ruin entire batches of material in the manufacturing process. So throwing the wrong thing in the recycling can result in an entire container getting rejected and shipped back across the ocean, or the state, just to end up in the landfill anyway.

Believe it or not, you play a huge role in making sure that recycling gets processed correctly and turned back into raw materials. It’s up to you to keep our recycling clean so that manufacturers will accept it and complete the cycle of turning your trash back into treasure.

Recycle the materials that belong in the recycling, and nothing else. When in doubt, throw it out! Or better yet, look it up in our new searchable Recycling Guide. By recycling correctly, you’ll give our raw materials new value and new life.